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¿Cómo se forman los adjetivos compuestos en inglés?

Hi, everybody! Here we go again! ¡Entramos en agosto con más lecciones súper sencillas que os ayudarán con vuestro inglés in the blink of an eye! En el blog de Number 16 School ya os enseñamos varios tips sobre el uso de los adjetivos en inglés. Hoy toca dar un paso más: ¿Cómo se forman los adjetivos compuestos en inglés?

Let’s see!

 

alt adjetivos compuestos en inglés

 

Adjetivos compuestos en inglés/Compound adjectives 

Los adjetivos compuestos son adjetivos formados por dos o más palabras, como por ejemplo: well + educated = well-educated

Let’s see some examples:

Long (adv) + last (v) = long-lasting (lasts for a long time)

Sugar (n) + free (adj) = Sugar-free (doesn’t contain any sugar)

Thought (n) + provoke (v) = thought-provoking (makes you think)

 

¿Cómo se forman los adjetivos compuestos en inglés?/Forming compound adjectives 

  • Adjective/Adverb + ED

This actress inform herself about all sorts of important issues. What sort of actress is she? Well-informed. She’s a well-informed actress.

Our work timetable is organised very well. What kind of timetable is it? Well-organised. It’s a well-organised timetable.

  • Adjective/Adverb + ING

Wow! This machine really saves you time! What sort of machine is it? Time-saving. It’s a time-saving machine.

This is my favourite dish. Trust me – It’ll make your mouth water! What sort of dish is it? Mouth-watering. It’s a mouth-watering dish.

  • Other types of compound adjectives: No siguen las estructuras anteriores. Por ejemplo: last minute, full-lenght and day-to-day.

The water in that lake is as cold as ice. What sort of water is it? Ice-cold. It’s ice-cold water.

This actress is famous all over the world. What sort of actress is she? World-famous. She’s a world-famous actress.

  • Compound adjectives with time: Solemos usar adjetivos compuestos para hablar de tiempo. Por ejemplo: eight hour, two week, twenty minute.

Do you take a two week holiday by the sea every year?

Do you work an eight hour day?

How often in the day do you take a twenty minute coffee break?

 

Ejercicios/Exercises 

Vamos a poner en práctica la teoría que acabáis de aprender. Al final del ejercicio tenéis la resolución. Cheating is not allowed!:

  1. If something saves you a lot of time, it can be called ________.
  2. A television with a very wide screen can be called ________.
  3. If somebody is informed about a lot of things we can call them ________.
  4. If somebody can’t see very far, they’re ________.
  5. If something lasts for a long time, it can be called ________.
  6. Delicious food that makes your mouth water can be called ________.
  7. A house that is attached to another house is ________.
  8. If somebody keeps forgetting things and not paying attention, they can be described as ________.
  9. A big decision might lead to effects that have a big impact on lots of different people. These effects could be called ________.

 

  • Time-saving.
  • Widescreen
  • Well-informed
  • Short-sighted
  • Long-lasting
  • Mouth-watering
  • Semi-detached
  • Absent-minded
  • Far-reaching

 

¿Mucha información? Don’t worry and take it easy! Leyendo y practicando pronto seréis unos expertos en inglés. ¡No dejéis de consultar nuestro blog!

Bye, friends!